Sometimes researchers perceive planetary atmospheres as engines. Heat from the parent energy contains potential energy transforming into kinetic energy. This leads to the creation of winds and storms orbiting the planet.
Earth's “engine” has become more efficient due to climate change. But higher efficiency should not be taken in a positive way. This can lead to dangerous cyclones, storms and hurricanes. Therefore, scientists consider the energy cycles of foreign worlds in order to understand what processes are taking place on Earth.
It seemed that in our conditions the efficiency of transformation of potential energy into kinetic energy increased over the past 35 years. Therefore, the number of storms has increased. Climatologists insist that the devastating storms pose the greatest danger because the planet continues to heat up. The energy cycle is now a method of diagnosing problems and tracking storm activity.
For a detailed review of issues, a team of NASA scientists used Cassini data on Saturn and Juno on Jupiter to study the atmospheric state. The most balanced situation is observed on Titan. But the massive storm of Saturn changed the principle of absorption of solar energy by the planet. In 1995, Edward Lorenz (invented the “butterfly effect”) explained how the energy transformation takes place. It is also known that this Lorentz cycle affects the climatic situation and the weather. Past studies were based on data for 10 years, which is not much to fix the impact on global warming and other changes.
A new study collected data on wind and temperature fields for 1979-2013. It turned out that the total mechanical energy remained basically the same, but the kinetic energy grew.
This is important information that will directly affect climate change forecasting. But scientists have found some hot spots, where the growth trend is particularly strong. Most of them are located in Antarctica. The study provides a broad perspective for understanding the climate and atmospheric systems of any world.