The new image is based on data received by earth and spacecraft. Before you remains supernova 1E 0102.2-7219. The blue spot in the center of the red ring is an isolated neutron star with a weak magnetic field.
A new shot from the Very Large Telescope demonstrates a rich star landscape, as well as burning gas clouds in the Small Magellanic Cloud. The images allowed us to identify the elusive stellar corpse left after a supernova explosion 2000 years ago. The MUSE tool was used for the search, and the Chandra X-ray Observatory information confirmed its true nature.
The MUSE instrument at the Very Large Telescope managed to find an amazing gas ring in the 1E 0102.2-7219 system. This allowed scientists to track down the first isolated neutron star with a low magnetic field located outside the Milky Way.
It was noticeable that the ring focused on the X-ray source (p1), which was found several years earlier. His nature has long remained a mystery. In particular, it was unclear whether p1 is located inside the residue or behind it. Only when observing the ring in MUSE was it possible to understand that it surrounds p1. Further analyzes have shown that we have an isolated neutron star with a low magnetic field. When massive stars explode in the form of supernovae, they leave behind a rolled sheet of hot gas and dust - the remnants of a supernova. These turbulent structures are the key to the redistribution of heavier elements accumulated by large stars and released into the interstellar medium during the explosion. As a result, new stars and planets are formed from them.
The object is stretched about 10 km wide, but is more massive than the Sun. It is believed that isolated neutron stars with low magnetic fields are common in space. But they are extremely difficult to find. Therefore, it was important to confirm that p1 refers to such objects.