Just as ultrasound helps the mother to know about the state of the fetus, so for the first time a powerful telescope took on an ultrasound view of a molecular cloud formed from stars. It became clear that, with stunning detailing, we are watching the children's star in the first moments of its development.
The molecular cloud of Orion is the “star factory” closest to Earth, distant by 1350 light years in the constellation Orion. But despite the fact that it is located in our galactic courtyard, the cloud manages to hide many secrets. This becomes especially clear if we observe the nebula in visible light. Inspection in the infrared, however, dispels fog and helps to detect the cocoon of an emerging star in the depths of the nebula.
Using an infrared survey of the VISTA telescope from the Paranal Observatory of the EYU (European Southern Observatory) in Chile, we took a fresh look at Orion A - the most detailed inspection of the nebula, made until today. As part of the VISION survey (VIenna Survey In Orion), these observations respond to the near-infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that reveals the presence of young stars. They produce radiation at longer infrared waves, which are usually obscured by dust inside the nebula. Here are some of the pictures of embryonic stars that have been noticed:
Baby stars are in the very early stages of development. Including this and clots of material with the image of a disk of dust and gas, which are developed thanks to nuclear processes that create a star. In addition, you can see the hazy formations - Herbig-Haro - these are stars that were just born. The new high-resolution observation of VISTA cuts through the thick clouds covering stellar births, and helps us work better in processes, revealing the secret mechanisms that govern the formation of stars.