The largest atomic mixer (Large Hadron Collider) forms a 27-kilometer ring under the French-Swiss border
And now a little about dangerous experiments. Particles! You can breathe out, because scientists from the world's largest particle collider do not plan to destroy our planet until the spring of 2021.
When updating the computer, you need to turn it off and on again. The same process is now carried out at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) - the largest particle mixer, which will remain in inactive mode from December 3 until spring 2021. All this time will be spent on upgrades.
The LHC is a round 27-kilometer tunnel under the French-Swiss border, surrounded by magnets. These magnets accelerate the flow of particles (protons and others) to enormous speeds, and then push them together. It is important for researchers to study the remnants of such collisions, in the process of which unusual particles are sometimes formed. All this allows you to find the invisible building blocks of the universe. Today, the Higgs boson is considered the most significant discovery. This is the last component of the standard model - the theory that describes the interactions between the fundamental particles. But since then nothing new has been fixed. LHC operators are hoping that the new update will allow to find interesting results. This is the second update period, so got the name LS2.
The most significant changes will affect the mechanism for the separation of hydrogen into individual protons and their injection into tunnels. All components will be replaced by more powerful versions, allowing you to increase the energy flux from 13 to 13 TeV. In fact, it is only 14 times the energy of movement of a mosquito, but it is compressed in space a trillion times smaller than a mosquito.
CERN also plans to upgrade detectors (control of fracture results) throughout the LHC and improve equipment that is used to protect the sensitive components of the particle collider.