A study from the University of Warwick reports that historical space weather will make it possible to understand what to expect next. A specific project under the current management of Sandra Chapman followed the space weather in previous solar cycles during the last half of the century. Scientists have been able to find the underlying recurring picture of what changes occur with the change of cycle.
The sun goes through cycles every 11 years. During this time there is an increase in sunspots to the maximum point (solar maximum). The increase in solar activity indicates a greater number of flares and an increase in the extremes of space weather on Earth.
This breakthrough will allow a better understanding and prediction of space weather, taking into account the various future threats affecting our planet. Space effects can disrupt electronics, aviation, and satellite systems and communications. It all depends on solar activity. However, each cycle dictates its own rules, so the forecast concerns only general probability. An amazing study shows that space weather and stellar activity are not random, but can limit the likelihood of major weather events in future cycles. A detailed analysis of the last 5 solar maximums. Thus, it was possible to reveal that the overall probability of more extreme events varies from one solar maximum to another, creating an unchanged basic picture of probability.
If the observation continues in the next solar maximum, then the study will allow better preparation for potential threats from space weather. Each cycle has a different duration and maximum level of activity.