The telescope premiere of the movie Telescope will take place on February 20 at 21:00, a dynamic backstage tour of the next step in the evolution of telescopes by NASA’s James Webb space telescope filmed by Oscar-directed director Nathaniel Kahn. This new generation telescope will be 100 times more powerful than the NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope, but the Hubble, which has explored space for a quarter of a century, continues to amaze us with a beautiful view of the Universe.
Looking forward to the revolutionary telescope of James Webb, you should first look at the discoveries of the past 12 months, made the most famous space telescope of all time.
Ancient galaxies, space changes
Hubble is known for deep views of the cosmos that he can film by looking through some of the most ancient galaxies that were formed billions of years ago. But using the space-time quirks predicted by Albert Einstein 100 years ago, Hubble now uses a gravitational lens as a means to improve his vision for a greater distance. As part of the Frontier Fields project, this observation revealed hundreds of unseen newborn galaxies created just 600 million years after the Big Bang.
The galaxy is definitely a Hubble object, and these past 12 months have not been different. It shows one of these galaxies, but it is difficult to classify; it is not elliptic or spiral, it is “irregular”. And although they do not seem to conform to the special rules of construction, irregular galaxies are still beautiful, as depicted in this picture.
Strength is strong ...
In order not to stay away from the fever of 2015 regarding “Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens” in December, Hubble presented a very sci-fi image of the Herbig Aro object - a mostly hot young star. This partial example seems to manifest its Star Wars spirit by producing a two-bladed lightsaber.
First discovered in 2014, this ancient supernova appeared three more times, in different places of the galactic cluster. This feature of space-time - a gravitational lens - can cause rays of light traveling in different ways around massive objects. Sometimes, as Hubble has shown, although they all come from the same source, 4 points of light may appear in the form of a cross, called the “Einstein's Cross”.
Jupiter in Motion
Not forgetting the objects in our yard, Hubble was ordered to spend 10 hours observing the largest planet of the Solar System, revealing previously unknown details of the beautiful atmosphere of the gas giant. Look at the wrath of Jupiter's Big Red Spot in one of the most beautiful 2-frame animations of the year.
Black Hole Jump
Ready for very heavy physics? Although Hubble technically cannot see black holes, he can see their influence on local space. And in this case, the space telescope saw relativistic impacts in the flow of material caused by a supermassive black hole located 260 million light years from Earth.
In the new images transmitted by Hubble, some amazing details of the nebula after the supernova were revealed. Shown here is a cooling plasma in the Veil Nebula, the remainder of a star exploding 8,000 years ago.
25 years old
In April 2015, Hubble officially turned 25 years old to celebrate this event, this image of the star-forming region in the Westerlund 2 cluster in the interstellar cloud of the Gum Nebula was presented. Under the observation, the cluster is 2 million years old and 3,000 stars around in the process of being born.
Time to have fun!
Any good party should have little damage. And this, of course, is the case for young, bright stars inside the Trampler-14 cluster, where a huge empty space is presented that appeared when the star-forming nebula exploded from the transformation of a new star.
You may remember the old Hubble observations of the “Pillars of creation”, which turned out to be giant columns of gas and dust, with young stars in their star cocoons? Now Hubble visited the Pillars again to portray more details in the 3-D view of this famous photo.
When will the movement on exoplanets
Hubble showed himself very well, in the discovery of the planets revolving around other stars, and the star disks from which they originated. In the new observations of the protoplanetary disk of the young star Beta Pictoris, a strange movement was discovered in the disk dust, revealing an invisible giant exoplanet.
The Longest Galaxy
Stranded in a vast empty region of the universe, this galaxy seems to be the longest galaxy in the universe. As you know, in the universe there are voids surrounded by a network of dark matter and galaxies, but they are not completely empty. Often, like this elegant spiral galaxy depicted, whole galaxies seem to have lost their way, and there are small reflections from where they came from, alone or as a result of some massive gravitational shift that occurred billions of years ago.