The combined image of the Kes 75 pulsar is the youngest pulsar known in the Milky Way. High-energy X-rays are displayed in blue and low-energy in purple.
Recent studies at the Chandra X-ray Observatory have demonstrated the speed of some objects in space. It turns out that the wind of one of the pulsars showed a mark of 1 million m / s. This confirmed that the pulsar Kes 75 can now be considered the youngest in its classification.
A pulsar is an especially magnetized type of neutron star (a superdense star formed by a supernova explosion). Due to the magnetic activity of the pulsars, they release double streams of rays, therefore, when rotating, they resemble a beacon, which periodically sends a beam to Earth. Scientists have found more than 2,000 pulsars. Concrete Chandra observed back in 2000. In a new study, scientists combined information gathered over 16 years to determine the wind velocity of the pulsar. Most likely, the incredible speed is caused by the fact that the wind of the pulsar nebula moves inside a bubble of gaseous nickel and iron created during the supernova period (a pocket with a low density of space is formed).
Calculation of speed is an important task in science. For example, this figure suggests that the predecessor of Kes 75 (supernova) humanity could observe 5 centuries ago. However, no similar records were found. Perhaps it went unnoticed due to the large amount of dust.