NASA scientists have already begun to try to figure out where the first astronauts will be landed on Mars, which will have to land there in about two decades.
Researchers propose a 62-mile-wide zone (approximately 100 kilometers) for exploration. The proposed territory, in their opinion, will be interesting from a scientific point of view. There are a lot of resources in this zone.
Jim Green, who is the head of NASA's planetary science department, said that a four-day heated discussion was planned on this matter. He spoke about this on June 25 during a teleconference. The meeting will be held in October. According to Green, at the beginning of the conversation it will be necessary to discuss exactly how the station sent to Mars will look and how it will work there.
Over the next few years, NASA plans to explore the most promising areas for exploration into the depths of the Red Planet with the help of spacecraft. For these purposes, the agency’s spacecraft will be used called Mars Odyssey, as well as the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), which began to explore Mars in 2001 and 2006, respectively. "The two mentioned venerable orbiters are not eternal, and therefore it is important to move the deadlock in the whole question now," said Green.
Jim Green added that the researchers would need a device with good resolution, while the MRO with this resolution was able to focus so far only 3% of the entire Mars. Therefore, the first task is to immediately determine exactly where the astronauts will be landed. The head of the NASA planetary department does not consider this to be too difficult a task.
Knowledge of the resources of a potential intelligence zone will also be crucial during the planning of the entire mission. Green believes that this meeting should be a huge step in determining how scientists will work on Mars.
The corresponding seminar, where the mission of landing a man on the Red Planet will be the main issue, will be held at the University of Houston from October 27 to 30 of this year.