In 2014, several researchers began to observe the event, which was the beginning of solar activity. They saw a twisted thread, represented by a solar material, which increases the speed during the ascent. But instead of an eruption, it crashed against the surface.
Using all the tools, we managed to track the event from the beginning to the end. This helped explain for the first time how the magnetic terrain contained the eruption. The study used the Solar Dynamics Observatory, a cloud spectrometer and several terrestrial telescopes. They track dozens of different wavelengths of light.
On the day of the unfulfilled eruption, NASA sent a suborbital rocket that collected data in the Earth’s atmosphere for about 5 minutes. Everyone was expecting an eruption, because this area was the most active.
The solar landscape is driven by magnetic forces. On examination, we managed to bump into the magnetic boundary, which had contained an eruption. The researchers used this data to create a model of the magnetic environment. She pointed to places where the magnetic field was particularly compressed.
These models helped track the loss of solar eruption
It was possible to determine the magnetic medium after examining millions of lines of the magnetic field, as well as their merging and divergence. When solar structures with opposite magnetic directivity collide, this leads to an explosion and release of magnetic energy. This heats the atmosphere and creates a burst of coronal mass.
But in 2014, the string heated up on the border, represented by a hyperbolic flow tube created by the collision of two bipolar segments. Such tubes destroy the magnetic field lines. The structure is fueled by them and prevents eruption.
Now we see that the magnetic topology of the star plays an important role in whether an eruption on the Sun can occur. And this is worth understanding, because events affect the space weather.