The world's largest particle accelerator broke the record for the amount of released energy during a test run on Wednesday after the renovation, which took two years.
"On Wednesday night, the protons in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) collided with a record energy of 13 TeV (teraelectronvolt)," said representatives of the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN).
During previous experiments, proton collisions produced 8 TeV energy - this result was recorded in 2012.
In April, the activity of the collider was resumed after a two-year reconstruction, which allowed achieving such results. At the same time, the collider can potentially push protons with energies up to 14 TeV.
Experiments conducted with the help of a collider are designed to help solve the riddle of the appearance of the Universe, the nature of matter and the force that controls it.
Prior to the updates, the collider was used to prove the existence of the Higgs bosons, which are called "particles of God." They are the ways to impart mass to particles.
This discovery made it possible in 2013 to receive the Nobel Prize in Physics by two scientists who first advanced the theory of the existence of the Higgs bosons in 1964. Experiments with the collision of protons in a giant laboratory, located in a 27-kilometer (17 miles) tunnel under the French-Swiss border, are part of the station's re-preservation program, there is a long list of experiments ahead of which are planned for next month.
"These test collisions should help protect cars and sensors from particles that may deviate from the direction of the beam," said CERN representatives.
The collider allows rays that contain billions of protons, accelerating to 99.9 percent of the speed of light, to pass through the entire collider to the opposite side.
Powerful magnets bend the rays so that they collide at those points where there are special sensors that control this process.
Thus, scientists can carefully study the subatomic particles and the forces that hold them together.
According to the CERN website, one teraelectronvolt is equivalent to the energy of a mosquito.
But inside the Hadron Collider, energy is compressed in a very small space — about a million times smaller than a mosquito.