Despite the latest technologies and serious steps in cosmology, the processes of the formation and evolution of galaxies still keep riddles. But star-forming galaxies allow us to become familiar with these mechanisms. There are regions and regions in which stars appear at an incredible speed. Sometimes a galaxy absorbs gas so quickly that it can overflow.
This is the object that turned out to be the NGC 4536 galaxy, taken with the Hubble telescope. It is located in the constellation Virgo 50 million light years away. This is the real epicenter of extreme star formation. To create such an ideal environment, several factors are needed. But the most important is enough gas. It is produced by close passage to another galaxy or in a major collision. When stars are formed, characteristic footprints remain that help scientists determine their places of birth. Usually, young stars live a short life, for which they manage to gain maximum brightness and burn all the fuel. In this intensive process, they emit an incredible amount of ultraviolet light, which explodes electrons in hydrogen atoms (ionization). This creates clouds of ionized hydrogen.